A Medicare Provider Number, officially a National Provider Identifier (NPI), is provided by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to registered providers that allows that individual or, in some cases an organization, to bill Medicare or your state Medicaid program for covered services. First, your CBO will want to determine if it offers services that traditional Medicare or your state’s Medicaid program may pay for. If so, your CBO may wish to secure (directly or through an affiliate organization) a NPI. To learn more about potential CBO-Medicare billable services, click here. For instructions on how to obtain a Medicare Provider Number, click here.